Plesetsk Cosmodrome Overview

A complete overview of the Plesetsk Cosmodrome launch site, including key info, launch stats and the companies that launch from it.

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Plesetsk Cosmodrome launch site

Basic Info


Plesetsk Cosmodrome

Total Launch Count


First Launch

17 Mar 1966

Last Launch

16 May 2024



Plesetsk Cosmodrome, located in Mirny, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia, was initially developed as an ICBM site for the R-7 missile. Its high latitude makes it suitable for high inclination and polar orbits, particularly Molniya orbits. Initially a secondary launch site to Baikonur, Plesetsk's activity increased post-Soviet Union due to Kazakhstan charging usage fees for Baikonur. The cosmodrome is especially used for military satellites and launches various rockets like Soyuz, Cosmos-3M, Rokot, Tsyklon, and Angara. Despite its high latitude limiting certain launch types, it plays a significant role in Russia's space and defense sectors.